International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than the one they live in, including refugees. Refugees are people recognized as such
- under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol
- under the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa
- in accordance with the UNHCR statute, the granting of refugee-like humanitarian status, and the provision of temporary protection.
Asylum seekers—people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers—are excluded.